Tuesday, August 21, 2012

Gerunds: Quaerendo invenietis.

Here are some proverbs with gerunds (see the Index for more proverb groups):

Quaerendo invenietis.
Note the future tense, invenietis.
inveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum: find; discover
quaerō -rere -sīvī-situm: seek, inquire

Parendo vinces.
Note the future tense, vinces.
pāreō parēre pāruī: obey
vincō vincere vīcī victum: conquer

Cavendo tutus.
You can also find this saying with the promise provided by a future tense verb: Cavendo tutus eris, "By being on guard, you will be safe."
caveō cavēre cāvī cautum: be on guard, beware
tutus -a -um: safe, protected

Artes discuntur peccando.
Here peccando is not about sinning but simply about making mistakes.
ars artis f.: skill
discō -ere didicī: learn
peccō -āre: commit a wrong, injure

Experiundo scies.
The words are from Terence's Heauton Timorumenos; note the archaic form of the gerund: experiundo. Note the future tense, scies.experior -perīriī -pertus sum: try thoroughly, test, experience
sciō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum: know

Disce docendo.
discō -ere didicī: learn
doceō -ēre -uī doctum: teach

Disce legendo.
Here legendo has the sense of reading.
discō -ere didicī: learn
legō legere lēgī lēctum: gather, choose, read

Scribendo disces scribere.
Note the future tense: disces.
discō -ere didicī: learn
scrībō scrībere scrīpsī scrīptum: write

Dicendo dicere discimus.
dīcō dīcere dīxī dictum: say; causam dicere, plead a case; diem dicere, appoint a day
discō -ere didicī: learn

Ire docetur eundo.
The impersonal passive here, docetur, can be rendered with "you" or "one" in English: You learn to walk by walking.
doceō -ēre -uī doctum: teach
eo īre iī/īvī itum: go

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