Saturday, July 31, 2010


The notes here are taken from the actual Scala, so be warned that references to the "previous" proverb refer to its order in the Scala, not its order here. You can read more about the word at the Verbosum blog: REDDO.

Redde cuique quod suum est. ~ Note: This is the motto of the Adventurers House at the King Edward VII and Queen Mary School in Lancashire, England.

Redde, quod debes. ~ Note: As often, the antecedent of the relative pronoun is not expressed: Redde (hoc), quod debes. You can find this principle discussed in Seneca's Epistulae Morales, 18.

Nulli malum pro malo reddete. ~ Note: This saying is not only good advice, but provides a nice way to remember the dative form of nullus: nulli.

Redditur terrae corpus. ~ Note: This is included by André Rouillé in his anthology of Cicero's notable sententiae.

Reddite quae sunt Caesaris Caesari, et quae sunt Dei Deo. ~ Note: This refers to the famous testing of Jesus in the Temple, which you can read about in the Wikipedia article entitled "Render unto Caesar." This saying is included by Polydorus in his Adagia, B77.

Dux bonus bonum reddit comitem. ~ Note: This is one of the sayings Erasmus included in his Adagia, 1.8.100. Notice how the predicate is wrapped around the verb, bonum...comitem, which leads to the very nice conjunction of bonus and bonum.

Multa rogant utenda dari; data reddere nolunt.

Ordo et modus omnia breviora reddunt. ~ Note: Note how breviora is being used as a predicate adjective: omnia breviora reddunt, they render all things more brief, they make things go more quickly, etc.

Solet hora, quod multi anni abstulerunt, reddere.

Vestis virum reddit. ~ Note: Compare the saying in the Adagia of Erasmus, 3.1.60: Vestis virum facit.

Ut ver dat florem, studium sic reddit honorem.

Fac bene, dic parum, si te vis reddere carum. ~ Note: This is one of the sayings collected by Wegeler, 408. The rhyme, parum-carum, reveals the medieval origins of this saying.

Suum cuique reddere decet. ~ Note: This takes the idea of the previous proverb and states it impersonally, using decet: "It is fitting to render to each person that which is his."

Accipe, redde, cave.

Postquam promisimus, necessario reddere debemus.

Fraus est accipere, quod non possis reddere. ~ Note: Note the subjunctive possis, which gives the clause a hypothetical quality: "that which you could not possibly pay back."

Aetate prudentiores reddimur. ~ Note: This is one of the sayings Erasmus included in his Adagia, 3.9.57. Here prudentiores is a predicate adjective: prudentiores reddimur, we are made more wise.

Da requiem; requietus ager bene credita reddit.

Beneficia plura recipit, qui scit reddere. ~ Note: This is one of the sayings collected by Publilius Syrus.

Beneficium saepe dare, docere est reddere. ~ Note: This is another saying collected by Publilius Syrus. Here is how those infinitive phrases fit together: "beneficium saepe dare" is the subject while "docere reddere" is the predicate: "To do favors often is to teach how to return (a favor)."

Reddit sollicitum te copia denariorum.

Nihil tam cito redditur quam a speculo imago.

Reddet deus unicuique iuxta illius opera. ~ Note: This saying is included by Polydorus in his Adagia, B70.

Palam reddendae grates, clam dandae. ~ Note: This is one of the moral sayings of Michael Verinus.

Eadem mensura redde, qua accepisti.

Numquid redditur pro bono malum?

Redde unicuique secundum vias suas. ~ Note: Be careful with secundum here - this is not the adjective secundus, but instead a preposition which takes the accusative case: secundum vias suas. Etymologically, it comes from the verb "sequor," so it means something like "following, after" and, thus, "according to."

Reddes unicuique secundum opus suum. ~ Note: Note the future tense, reddes, which has the force of a command. The words are from Psalms, 62.

Reddet unicuique secundum operam eius.

Deus reddet unicuique secundum opera eius. ~ Note: Here you have the future tense again, reddet, now in the third person. The words are from Paul's letter to the Romans, 2.

Quodcumque voveris, redde.

Audacem reddit felis absentia murem.

Accepta reddito, homo, recipies denuo.

Reddit foetorem stercus motum graviorem.

Si cantes asino, crepitus tibi reddet ab ano. ~ Note: This is one of the sayings collected by Wegeler, 1216.

Fac mala, dic multum, si te vis reddere stultum.

Libertas perdulce bonum, bona cetera reddit.

Herba cito crescit, quae fructum reddere nescit.

No comments: