Sunday, August 19, 2012

Present Active Indicative: Hora fugit.

Here are some proverbs with present active indicative verbs, third conjugation (see the Index for more proverb groups):

Hora fugit.
As Ovid says in his Amores 1.11, "Dum loquor, hora fugit," "As I speak, the hour flies."
fugiō fugere fūgī fugitum: flee, escape
hōra -ae f.: hour

Crescit fama.
crēscō crēscere crēvī crētum: grow, increase
fāma -ae f.: rumor, fame

Ducit Dominus.
This is the motto of the Dirom family.
dominus -ī m.; domina -ae f.: household master, lord; mistress
dūcō dūcere dūxī ductum: lead; uxōrem dūcere, marry

Facio iusta.
Note the substantive use of the adjective: iusta, "justice, the things that are just."
faciō facere fēcī factum: do, make
iūstus -a -um: right, just, fair

Fata trahunt.
fātum -ī n.: fate
trahō trahere trāxī trāctum: drag, draw

Honesta peto.
This is a motto of the Oliphant family. Note the substantive use of the adjective: honesta, "honor, the honorable things."
honestus -a -um: honorable
petō petere petīvī petītum: seek, aim at

Metuo secundis.
This is a motto of the Hodgeson family. Note that metuo takes an accusative object; the word "secundis" here gives the circumstances: when things are favorable, I am afraid (i.e. I do not let down my guard even when things are going well).
metuō metuere metuī: to fear, to dread
secundus -a -um: following; favorable

Quaerimus verum.
The neuter adjective verum can be used substantively to mean "the true (thing)," "the truth," etc. This is the motto of Bethany College.
quaerō -rere -sīvī-situm: seek, inquire
vērus -a -um: true; vērē, truly

Hominem quaero.
This alludes to the famous quest of Diogenes, burning daylight, holding aloft his lamp and looking for a man, i.e. a real man - or, as it's often said in English, "an honest man." The story is sometimes told about Aesop, too; see a discussion of Aesop and Diogenes here.
homo hominis m.: human being
quaerō -rere -sīvī-situm: seek, inquire

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